The 17 Types of Fishing Reels

Types of Fishing Reels: As we have already commented, the variety of designs and models of reels that we find today in specialized stores of sports fishing is enormous; each modality requires us to use a different type, let’s know every one of them to that our final choice is correct, let’s go there!

Types of Fishing Reels

fishing reels

1. Casting Reels

We will talk about the casting reel  and all the aspects to take into account to help you make the decision to acquire and buy the best model that suits your needs, including factors such as the ratio, design, brake system, bearings, etc. Above the dictates of the fashions, casting reels are gaining acceptance and popularity among fishermen of predators thrown.

Of course, there will always be the doubt of the model and the characteristics to choose from the casting reel that best suits us and our fishing style. Once saved the economic pitfall, and knowing that there are a variety of cheap and not so cheap casting reels …. we must observe the different characteristics of those models that are candidates for purchase, compare them and decide. Before entering the different technical characteristics, it would be nice to be clear about the type of design, and that we can divide into “classic” and “ergonomic” casting reels.

2. Casting reel design

“Lifelong” designs have the undoubted appeal of the classic and timeless, but can sometimes be uncomfortable in small hands. On the other hand, the most daring and futuristic casting reels tend to be more ergonomic, although some houses abuse too much of the plastic materials and end up giving an image of little robustness. Let’s not forget that a casting reel will be used to launch several hundred times a day, and one of the essential requirements that must be met is that of comfort.

Never decide your purchase for the aesthetic, but without a doubt is a factor that catches our attention, first mount the casting reel in the rod and check the adaptation to your hand. It is possible that the models always serve you, and even you are more comfortable, or on the other hand, it may also be that you can not handle it correctly. The design is a personal matter in which the taste and comfort should have the last word, do not forget that this is an aesthetic decision and as such will not affect the rest of casting reel characteristics.

3. Recovery ratio

The recovery ratio of a casting reel tells us the number of turns that the coil will give for each one of the cranks. This entails two clearly differentiated questions:

On the one hand, there is speed, at a higher recovery ratio more speed will correspond, but also the power decreases.

On the other hand, there is the power factor or attraction capacity of heavy specimens, with strong and fast fish, although they are relatively small, as in black bass fishing, fast reels (6 to 1 or higher) seem more indicated. , while with other larger fish, which logically will be slower, as in fishing for pike or catfish, a low recovery ratio is better (around 4 to 1).

If you are only going to have a casting reel, the best option is an intermediate recovery ratio (5 to 1).

4. Break system

In general, all these casting reels have very efficient (disk) braking systems. However, it is worth checking that there are no jumps or irregularities when taking the line and that the brake is sufficiently possible (very important that we can slow down little by little, but decisively) and comfortable to operate. Logically, the brake does not have the same importance in black bass fishing, with which we will hardly use it, then with catfish, in which case it is essential. The most extreme case, and perhaps the most necessary one, would be fishing for barbels, fish that are tremendously fast and powerful, but what is clear, whatever species we fish, is that:

We must demand an impeccable performance brake, only in this way we can rely on using finer fishing lines, which will result in a greater number of catches.

5. Bearings

A few years ago we entered into the “war of the bearings”, since then all manufacturers are striving to include more and more “ball bearings” in their models, and in some cases the final consumer continues the game, ignoring the rest of features, looking only at the number of these. The truth is that the bearings are responsible for the smooth operation of the casting reel and fishing reels in general, but nothing more, and it must be everyone who values how much an extra outlay is necessary for this reason.

We leave an explanatory video about the operation of the casting reel: There are current models of casting reels even with half a dozen bearings, but it does not seem necessary to have a number higher than three in normal use. There are still very few casting reels that have “X” pickup, so the need for this feature can restrict your choice to just two or three models. In the case of using monofilament, there is no logic in thinking about this line distribution system, but with the twisted wires (without being necessary) it can be a great help.

6. Casting reel operation and handling

There are many fishermen who have abandoned the use of this type of reels for casting because they have not been able to handle them properly, a question that is very simple if we bear in mind the following:

The sliding control of the reel of the fishing reel allows it to rotate with greater or lesser ease, which means that it can become over accelerated during the set (if it is too loose or free). Ideally, by releasing the coil with the rod horizontally and the centrifuge at “0”, the lure will fall slowly. This means that, until we have caught the trick, we must regulate this slippage of the coil each time we change the weight of the decoy.

The centrifugal brake prevents the coil from spinning once the lure has touched the water or, what is the same, will ensure that the dreaded entanglements of this type of reels do not occur. The numbering from 0 to 10 refers to how this brake acts, ensuring the absence of entanglement the higher the number, but also consider shortening the set. In the case of expert fishermen, it is possible to launch without this break, simply dosing the exit of the line with the thumb.

Finally, the fight brake is similar to that of a conventional fixed-coil reel and must be adjusted in such a way that breaking the line is not possible, but with enough pressure to tire a large fish if-if it was the case, let’s hope that if 😉

There remain some very important details for our final choice of the perfect casting reel, such as the flipping control, the centrifugal brake or the weight of the reel.

The flipping can serve those who use but generally does not seem necessary for most fishermen.

The centrifugal brake is quite important, but we have the insurmountable problem of not being able to know its quality and behavior without testing it, although fortunately in the fishing reels of recent years the operation is impeccable.

The weight can take us easily to the wrong choice and is that there are very light reels with a more than dubious construction and a significant accumulation of problems after a few hours of use. Not all people equally accuse the weight of the fishing equipment, it is even more possible to give two reels of different brands with the same objective weight, and that appear lighter than others. The truth is that it would be advisable not to pay too much attention to a few grams more if the model in question convinces us fully in the other variables.

Try these fantastic reels of the horizontal coil for fishing, usually in fresh water for black bass and catfish, the casting reels for fishing with lightweight, usually very strong castings made of graphite or aluminum.

7. Trolling multipliers for trolling

There are multiplying reels of medium and high range for the fishing of large predators of the sea, from shore or boat, with spinning coil to capture the large tunas that inhabit marine things, know these powerful reels mark as Shimano, Penn, Okuma, Tica, Daiwa, etc. We talk about multiplying or baitcasting reels, without a doubt, the most difficult to handle, although they are usually the ones that give us the most accurate if we know how to use them correctly, they are very used in trolling sea fishing although these multiplier reels can also be seen in Beaches for fishing when surfacing.

The baitcasting or spinning reel reels are the most specialized of any of the types of fishing reels. They are especially used for use with heavy lures for trolling or big game (big catches).

The multiplier reels are placed on top of the fishing rod and come in a wide variety of sizes, although for lighter fishing the lighter models are recommended, never exceeding 500-600 gr of weight so as not to suffer too much in our day fishing. The models of heavier multiplier reels are recommended in fishing from a boat since they are reels that are subject to our boat. They can be used to catch fish that vary in size thanks to their enormous braking capacity and enormous power.

8. The spools of the rotating coil

The reels of rotating coil multipliers are the reels that shoot at the price if we compare them with reels of the fixed coil or another type, as well as the most difficult to use. However, they have a wide variety of settings where fishermen can make adjustments to maximize launch distance, for example. Once we learn to handle these reels with ease, they are the most competent and accurate of all the reels because you can control the amount of line that comes out of the reel using only our thumb.

If you do not put your thumb on the line before the lure reaches the water, we will usually get a tangled fishing line. Therefore it is recommended that for new fishermen start with other types of reels simpler and easier to use and gradually start using multiplier reel or spinning reel. Lately, more fishermen are going to the use of spools of the rotating coil, or multiplier reels, since these reels every day incorporate more technology, using lighter and more manageable materials, being more compact and ergonomic to use with specific trolling rods.

9. Features of trolling reels

Normally these reels come with many features as described below.

  • VBS: It is a system that affects the thrown; it works using centrifugal force and magnetism to control it. The individual brake weights, adjustable depending on the weight, rub against the disc by stopping gently the rotation of the coil to prevent entanglement. The VBS system gives us a much smoother release.
  • Easy Access Side Plate: Provides comfort. With a twist of the screw knob, the cover uncovers the counterweights easily and allows to work with the coil.
  • Escape Hatch: For the flipping mode it is important to have quick access to the brake weights. But you also need a mechanism that prevents accidental opening.
  • Recessed Reel Foot: the size of the reel foot has been reduced in the case. You have a better feeling when the reel is mounted on the reel holder of the rod than with traditional designs. Not only is the level of comfort, but is also that in this position is much more manageable during the launch and collection.
  • Super Free (SF): The free bearing support system, is designed to eliminate the friction of the contact points of the coil during the launch. In conventional reels, the release mechanism of the coil creates a certain pressure on it. With the new SF system the pinion disengages from the coil, the result is friction 0 for absolutely free rotation of the latter.

10. Fixed coil reels for spinning, surf casting or jigging

These reels are named after their mechanics since while we pick up or release the thread, the reel remains fixed. The fixed spool reels are undoubtedly the most used types of reels and come in a wide variety of sizes and can be used for a wide variety of fish species, from the smallest to large predators of the sea.

These reels range from relatively low prices to somewhat higher prices, depending on the quality. The reels of the fixed coil usually settle under the fishing rod; it is normal that the fishermen have coils of different sizes to adapt to different amounts of fishing line. These reels have front or rear drag systems to help ensure the catch of the fish without breaking the line. Fixed coil reels stand out for their versatility, resistance, reliability, and ease of use, so these fishing reels are the most used in various types of fishing where jigging, surfcasting and spinning are mainly found, except fly fishing that uses special reels.

The maintenance of the fixed spool reel is really simple , when we use them in sea or salt water fishing it is only a matter of washing them immediately after our fishing day with plenty of fresh water and a neutral soap, so that no salt residue remains in the mechanisms of our fishing reel because in the long run, the salt would deteriorate the material of our reel, after washing, dry with a cloth or dry cloth gently the reel avoiding chemical products of any kind. If necessary, we can later add some specific lubricant to the gears of our reel, using special oils for delicate machinery and avoiding the dullness produced by an excess of grease.

11. Spinning Reels

This type of fixed spool reels designed especially for casting or spinning are fast, resistant, light and with great benefits, so are the reels for spinning fishing, small but bullies, inside they hide large steel bearings. Quality for you to live great moments fishing.

12. Surfcasting reels

Reels with large capacity reels to reach great distances with your sets from shore or beach, practice surfcasting with these powerful and strong machines, high technology at low prices, stand out in brands for surfcasting reels Shimano, Daiwa, Kinetic, Vercelli, Iridium. This type of reels is widely used in the coasts and beaches of the coast because thanks to the large capacity of their coils and together with the powerful surfcasting rods they allow us to launch great distances easily and reach the areas where the banks are located. Of fishes.

13. Jigging Reels

Ideal reels for boat and jigging or deep fishing, with these great machines prepared to put you to the test, you against the fish, enjoy the most with jigging fishing with these fantastic reels of brands such as Okuma, Shimano or Hart. This type of special reels for the practice of vertical fishing, jigging or fishing from a boat are powerful and have some of them, large bobbins, very useful for deep fishing from a boat. Buying a fishing reel when quality jigging is of vital importance if you do not want the brake of the same at the most unexpected moment does not have enough power to pick up our catch and lose at the last moment all our effort and if not, look what happens to our fisherman friend forBuy a cheap jigging reel .

14. Fly fishing reels

Talking about best fly fishing reel, a type of reel used primarily by freshwater fishermen who use the fly fishing technique. The fly reel forms an important part of our fishing equipment, even when there are those who take away the importance, thinking that it is only limited to the line or fishing line. As we always say, when choosing the ideal fly fishing reel, you have to think about what conditions we are going to use it, it is totally different the benefits of a reel if we are going to fish in a small stream with little current than in rivers more bravos and with waters that fall with enough force, another fact to take into account is the size of our catches. Both the size and the braking capacity of the fly fishing reel must be adequate considering these factors.

The fly fishing reel is special and can be seen with the naked eye that is different from the other reels we have seen before. Every fly reel is composed of a body or main section and a coil. The body is the one that has the mechanisms that produce the rotation caused by the movement of the crank, and also has the mechanisms that make up the brake. The coil, on the other hand, is the one that houses the line; its size depends on the amount of line that can be stored. Normally the coil is easily removable, which allows us to change it simply, allowing us a quick change of lines if the conditions in which we are fishing change.

Parts of the fly fishing reel

Foot, shaft, coil, crank, secure the coil and body, these are just some of the parts that make up the fly fishing reel, perhaps the most general but common in all fly reels. The spool body contains the braking mechanism, also supports the coil, which is the part where the line or fishing line is wound. Almost all the reels have a mechanism so that the body and coil can be separated easily, using the coil lock, which speeds up the change of line.

Coil capacity

This data is of vital importance that we take into account because knowing the capacity of the reel of our fly fishing reel we can use one type or another of fishing line, both in diameter of thickness and length. Almost as a general rule and in recognized brands, the manufacturers indicate for what type of line our reel is suitable, for example, for a reel that indicates that its fishing line capacity is 0.30 mm in diameter and 100 m length, these can be used perfectly with lines of diameters and lengths lower but never higher since we would run out of space in our coil or the line would be too tight and therefore would not run well in our reel.

Fly reel brake

The brake is a very important part in the choice of our fly fishing reel because when we fight with large catches, we will want a powerful brake to resist the strong pulls of the fish. The brake system is responsible for regulating the tension of the fishing line. For medium and high-end reels, the brake is usually adjustable, with the possibility of applying more or less tension to a fish that tries to escape. The best and most recent brake system is the disc brake, while the previous ones are based on a spring. Internal plates apply more or less pressure on the main gear. The disc brake is the most recommended for large catches, the softness and power it offers.

Even so, there is a wide range of reels depending on the type of brake:

  • Simple action
  • Adjustable brake
  • Anti-reverse
  • Automatic

There are newly emerging, turbine brake reels and have begun to gain ground in the market. This innovative mechanism consists of a turbine that rotates inside a reservoir containing oil of variable viscosity, which automatically adjusts the brake as the speed of rotation of the coil increases.

Fly reel manufacturing material

The fly fishing reelsThey are manufactured using high-strength plastics, including graphite, copper, aluminum, steel, and aeronautical and space technology materials. The prices, of course, are according to the material, design, and brand. The plastic reels of high resistance, are usually bad investments, although its price is very economical its duration is almost disposable and of single use. Graphite is a good choice when the budget is small, and our catches are usually small and do not need too much force on our reel. They are of little maintenance, although it is recommended to clean and grease the brake mechanism frequently since the graphite is not very resistant to sand and gravel.

The aluminum reels, especially if it is a good alloy, are in general terms the best investment, given its durability, especially if it is given good periodic maintenance. The prices go from moderate to high. The aluminum reels, to support the marine environment, must be very well anodized and after each use, you have to wash them with plenty of fresh water and perform a good drying. The reels of mixed materials, for example, graphite-aluminum, give good results for fishing in intermediate conditions. The reels of steel, copper and other metals undoubtedly are durable, but their weight prevents easy handling of the reel.

There are countless considerations to consider when choosing our fly fishing reel, among them if you are left-handed or right-handed since many models are adaptable to pick up with the left or right hand. Another factor is to check if the coils are interchangeable since as we mentioned above, the fact that the coil is removable will allow us to enjoy another type of line without changing the reel. Regarding the price comment that the additional coils are cheaper than the full spool, which allows having a set of several coils with their corresponding lines prepared for when we need without spending too much money, that is also important 😉

15, Electric Reels

If your thing is fishing from large predators, then electric reels of great capacity and power will be your best option. These electric reels are capable of fishing at great depths prey of great weights, this type of reels are normally used in carrying or bottom fishing from a boat with a fixed or hand-held rod. With them you can fish at depths of over 300 meters with long lines of plumb lines, an aspect to consider when buying an electric reel is not only its power but its braking precision because at such great depths the break plays a fundamental aspect. When you start in the jigging or vertical fishing you will realize that the battles with the fish are long and hard and more than once they will make us sweat the shirt, a more than viable option to facilitate this type of fishing is to use the electric reels that with their system help us to take out the fish of more than 10 kg with greater ease and comfort.

For the more risky fishermen who practice coastal trolling it is sometimes advisable to use this type of reels, although their weight is often discouraged and it is better to use a somewhat lighter fixed coil. The most popular are reels that exceed 1000 meters line capacity, but it is essential that they have great power in the pickup and you can graduate the speed to your liking, especially if the prey you try to fish exceed 20 or 30 kilos of weight. Quality in this sense is important because even if it is an electric reel if it is of poor quality, it can not be useful.

16. Fishing reels ideal for beginners

When a new fisherman begins to take an interest in the choice of a reel, he begins to see the number of types, models, data, sizes, measurements and numbers that the fishing reels specify, these data will at first bind you but when you know their meaning and application, it will make it much easier for you to choose your fishing reel. The reels usually come with several reels that have different sizes (for example, 1000, 2000, 4000). This is usually based on the size of the reel or the capacity of the reel. Larger reels can also apply more drag force.

If you plan to introduce yourself to fishing for bigger and stronger fish, you will need a powerful reel that can produce more drag. The capacity of the reel is given by the length and strength of the fishing line. The stronger line has a larger diameter; you may see a reel rated as 0.35 mm / 230 m, which means that this reel can contain in its coil a line with a diameter of 0.35 mm with a length of 230 m of a monofilament tested and tested by the manufacturer.

17. Casing reels

These types of fishing reels are the best option to get started in sports fishing due to its ease of use. Also, they are usually the cheapest types of reels on the market, so a large monetary investment is not required. They can go in front of the cane but also in the previous part. The carcass reels can be used for a wide variety of fish but are not suitable for large catches; they lack high capacity coils so they can not have large amounts of line.

Carcass winding systems are also not particularly reliable. However, they are easy to handle for novice fishermen since their mechanics are super simple and require little effort, so if you are an occasional or beginner fisherman, this is the reel to get started. There are drawbacks to the carcass reels, first of all, designed to be a beginner reel, the inner reel is usually small, so as we have said is not an act for large line capacities. Another drawback of the carcass reels is that due to their low price the parts and their manufacture are not very durable.

The drag force is somewhat deficient, which makes it difficult to retrieve decoys. Also, gears of either metal or plastic are prone to breakage during prolonged use. The housing reels have a closed face. All important parts are kept inside. The line comes out of a small hole in the lid. There are usually many models designed for children who have fun with this type of reel because it is the easiest to use. To use a carcass reel, you press the button on the back of the reel, and the line runs, you release the button, and the line stops. The handling of this reel is very easy, but it sacrifices some precision and distance.

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